If you really want to know what you are doing you need to understand that all pet foods have different levels of moisture. Canned foods can have up to 80% moisture whereas, some dry foods can have as little as 6%. This is important for 2 reasons.
The first is that the food is priced by the pound, and when you buy dog food that is 80% water you get 20% food and the rest is water. So this means that the amount of food your pet consumes is small and expensive.
The other reason for understanding percent moisture is to help you compare crude protein and fat between brands and between canned and dry. The listings on the label are for the food as it is, not as it would be on a dry matter basis.
So without converting both brands of food to a dry matter basis you will not be able to compare them accurately.
Fortunately, the conversion is not that complicated. If a dry dog food has 10% moisture we know that it has 90% dry matter. So we look at the label and check the protein level that reads 20%.
Next, we divide the 20 percent protein by the 90% dry matter and we get 22%, which is the amount of protein on a dry matter basis. Does this make sense so far? Good. Now let us compare this to canned food that has 80% moisture.
We know that with 80% moisture we have 20% dry matter. The label shows 5% protein. So we take the 5% and divide it by 20% and we get 25% protein on a dry matter basis.
So the canned food has more protein per pound on a dry matter basis after all the water is taken out. We can do the same for fat, fiber and more. If you can do the calculations, you can then understand the whole nutrition of the dog food.
Taurine In Dog Food
Taurine is a water-soluble amino acid. It has recently become a hot topic when referring to the nutritional composition that makes up the human and animal physical structure.
Taurine has been found to be very beneficial to various components of the mammal skeletal system such as heart, kidneys and blood.
Taurine – “A colorless crystalline substance, C2H7NO3S, formed by the hydrolysis of taurocholic acid and found in the fluids of the muscles and lungs of many animals.”
Taurine’s main purpose is to act as a catalyst facilitating the flow of vital elements to and from cells. Elements such as Sodium, (Na) Potassium, (k) and Calcium (ca) depend on Taurine in order for them to move from one cell to another.
Taurine has been a present element in cat food due to its vital properties and just recently pet food manufacturers have been implementing Taurine into dog foods also realizing that this A.A. can be very beneficial to dogs as well as cats.
Taurine is most abundantly found in the retina and cases of blindness have been linked to Taurine deficiency in kittens, however in most cases, the same studies showed a reversal of the blindness when Taurine supplements were administered.
Taurine is also very beneficial for the heart, and cases of dilated cardiomyopathy have been linked to low Taurine levels in kittens. (A disease or disorder of the heart muscle, especially of unknown or obscure cause.)
Not all dog food manufacturers add Taurine to your dog food so you need to read labels at all times to make sure that Taurine is included. Most manufacturers are out there to make a buck and are not at all concerned with your dog’s health.
For this reason, we tell you to do your homework. You need to know as much as you can about what you are feeding your dog.
Dogs don’t know any better, of course, and will eat anything at all that is placed before them. Your dog depends on your to feed him the best. With so much competition, research is not high on a dog food manufacturer’s list so that is why you must be so vigilant.
Research takes time and money so you will pay for the better more nutritious foods. Take the time and do your own research to ensure that you have touched all of your nutritional bases.[DISPLAY_ULTIMATE_SOCIAL_ICONS]